Beneficiaries of international protection travelling to their country of origin
The European Migration Network offers a comparative overview of the experiences and existing practices in the EU Member States Norway and Switzerland regarding the possible consequences on international protection status for individuals who travel to or contact the authorities in their country of origin.
A beneficiary of international protection is a person who has been granted refugee status or subsidiary protection status. They also have the right to travel to their country of origin. However, obtaining a national passport or travelling back to the country of origin could, in certain circumstances, indicate that the grounds for granting international protection no longer apply. This EMN study explores the policies and practices in 24 EU Member States, Norway and Switzerland regarding beneficiaries of international protection who travel back to their country of origin, or who have contact with authorities from these countries. The study also examines the motivations of the individuals in question, and how such cases would be assessed by the national authorities in the countries that granted them refugee status. The study found that most countries participating in the research did consider travel to the country of origin as an indication that protection may no longer be needed, which could lead them to examine the purpose of the travel or contact with the authorities, and to reassess the international protection status.
According to the study, the most common reason to travel stated by BIPs related to family-related issues, followed by marriage in the country of origin and business activities.
All countries participating in the study reported informing beneficiaries of international protection of the possible consequences of either travelling to or contacting authorities in their country of origin.
Videographic on the study available here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7IlMGsNrSr8&=&feature=youtu.be